Weeds are a group of plants that grow at some place on their own without being planted or grown, although these plants are not harmful to the garden and humans, but to the crops of the farmers. Are more harmful because these weeds prevent the plants growing around them from growing and reduce the fertility of the soil by absorbing the nutrients present in the soil, which causes great damage to the growth of plants and crops.
Weeds are of many types based on life span, weeds are three main types.
Classification based on lifespan:
(1) Annual Weeds:
These weeds complete their life span in one year or less. Generally, these weeds produce abundant seeds and their growth is rapid, they have shaggy roots. They are propagated by seeds. Examples - Bathua (Chenopodium album), Bisakhpara (Boerhavia diffusa), Kankua (Commelina benghaensis), etc.
(2) Biennial weeds:
These weeds complete their life span in two years. They grow vegetatively in the first year and flowers and seeds are formed in the second year. Example - wild carrot.
(3) Perennial Weeds:
Such weeds which maintain their existence for many years come in this category. It grows in fields and barren land areas. Their propagation is done by seeds, rhizomes, tubers, and bulbs. It is difficult to control them by the normal method. Example - Dubghas (Cynodon dactylon), Hirankhuri (Convolvulus arvensis), Mouth (Cyperus rotundus) etc.
How to control weeds growing in the garden:
This is important information related to gardening because it is not easy to plant plants and maintain beauty in the garden without controlling weeds. example-Growing of a rose plant in a pot or garden with a special tomato plant etc. Also, some weeds enhance the beauty of the garden which we plant to enhance the beauty of the garden.
example -dipped grass.
Mulching of garden and pots with stone or gravel.
Garden plants in pots and gardens can be mulched with small stones or gravel, marble, or small pieces of stones in a decorative form so that weeds do not get sunlight to grow from inside the soil. And there is no place to grow from inside the soil.
This is a very easy and simple method for weed control. Laying landscape fabric in the garden is the easiest and simplest way. With the help of landscape fabric, it works to prevent the soil from coming in contact with sunlight as well as to reduce the soil temperature. Works to retain moisture in and soil, reducing the need for watering the plant.
Use of compost or wood bark
To make a garden, such soil should be selected which is free of weed seeds, as well as to increase the fertility of the soil, good organic vermicompost manure should be used, which is free from weeds, as well as wood bark or mulch, and leaves. Mulching should be done with wood chips, etc. By doing this, sunlight does not reach the weed seeds, due to which the soil does not get a favorable environment for weeds to grow.
How to remove weeds from the garden.
Separating weeds by uprooting them from the garden or pot.
Pouring open water over the weeds.
Using soap solution as a weed killer, for this, after mixing one spoon of liquid dish soap, one teaspoon of salt, and 2 to 3 liters of pure white vinegar or vinegar, fill it in a spray bottle and spray it on the weed row. Weeds are destroyed within a few days of their use.
Use of baking soda to remove weeds:
Baking soda can kill and control all types of garden weeds. Sodium bicarbonate draws water out of plant cells, drying leaves and killing weeds. Dilute with water and liquid dish soap and wash weeds daily until sprayed on until destroyed. Weeds growing in the garden like wild grass, etc. can be easily eliminated with the help of baking soda.
Use of garden tools to remove weeds:
To destroy the weeds growing in the garden, weeds can be destroyed by weeding the garden plants every month and can be prevented from growing. Strong and large weeds can be uprooted with the help of gardening tools.
Weeds are a nuisance for many gardeners and can be difficult to control. They compete with desirable plants for nutrients, water, and sunlight, and can quickly take over a garden if left unchecked. While there are a variety of methods for controlling weeds, prevention is always the best approach. By maintaining healthy soil, using mulch to suppress weed growth, and regularly inspecting and removing weeds before they have a chance to spread, gardeners can keep their gardens healthy and free of unwanted plants. Ultimately, with some diligence and patience, it is possible to achieve a weed-free garden and enjoy the beauty and bounty of a thriving garden.